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Batu Caves’ late Pliocene fossils are one of the Geosites of the Gombak-Hulu Langat Geopark and contain scientific, recreational, aesthetic, and cultural heritage significance. This hill is significant as a site for recording the diversity of karst floral and faunal fossils for educational, scientific, and science tourism purposes. The Malaysian Cave and Karst Conservancy’s (MCKC) Batu Caves Scientific Expedition, as well as the presence of limestone caves in Batu Caves, can foster habitat space for prior species throughout the ice period.

The limestone hills are the remnants of the Kuala Lumpur Limestone surface. This limestone was created at the end of a Lower Silurian phase of shallow marine sedimentation. Caves formed around these hills during Paleocene to Holocene basin filling episodes including changes in ground water levels and limestone breakdown. Orangutans, tigers, and more than 60 other creatures have been discovered among the Holocene remains discovered in this location.

This is Gombak-Hulu Langat Geopark’s geosite (G09)

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